Securing a cheap energy supply and minimising adverse environmental impact is high on the agenda of governments around the world. Energy is fundamental to economic development, social well-being and national security. With aspirations of continuously improving living standards in the face of an ever increasing population, the provision of clean, cheap and reliable energy supplies is an R&D challenge. The collaborative energy research program at the IITB-Monash Research Academy is focussing on the development of advanced technologies for the generation of electricity and production of hydrogen or transport oil from coal and biomass with minimised CO2 emissions.
- Advanced coal and biomass gasification for power generation
- Advanced technologies for hydrogen production
- Technologies for efficient utilisation of distributed biomass
- Efficient combustion processes of bio-fuels
- Stable operation of electrical grid networks
- Improved electrical supplies to rural and remote communities
Monash University is leading a research project to turn the Mallee tree into an alternative vehicle fuel that could also help solve Australia’s soil salinity problem. Oil from the wood of the Mallee tree can be super-heated to produce a vapour that can be condensed into liquid. After refining, the condensed liquid could be used as a fuel for diesel engines. The complex root system of the Mallee also keeps the water table deep within the soil, and salt levels low in the top soil.